Olapade, O. (2013). Occurrence, Ubiquity and Proficiency of Hydrocarbon-Degrading Microbial Assemblages in Nature. Journal of Pollution Effects and Control, 1(2).
Defay, X., Morgan, K., McCammon, D., Wulf, D., Andrianarijaona, V. M., Fogle, M., Seely, D.G., et al. (2013). X-ray emission measurements following charge exchange between C6+ and H. Physical Review A, 88(5), 052702.
Abstract: X-ray spectra following charge-exchange collisions between C6+ and He are presented for collision energies between 460 and 32 000 eV/u. Spectra were obtained at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory Multicharged Ion Research Facility using a microcalorimeter x-ray detector capable of fully resolving the C vi Lyman series lines through Ly-γ. These line ratios are sensitive to the initial electron ℓ distribution and test our understanding of the charge-exchange process. In addition, these line ratios are important for identifying charge exchange in astrophysical contexts involving the interaction of solar wind ions with neutrals. Our measurements are performed at collision velocities (300–2500 km/s) which overlap most of the solar wind range. Additional data of this type can be combined with computations to provide an extensive set of reliable line ratios and absolute cross sections for the interpretation of a variety of astrophysical situations.
Christensen, B. G., McCusker, K. T., Altepeter, J. B., Calkins, B., Gerrits, T., Lita, A. E., Miller, A., et al. (2013). Detection-Loophole-Free Test of Quantum Nonlocality, and Applications. Physical Review Letters, 111(13).
Abstract: We present a source of entangled photons that violates a Bell inequality free of the “fair-sampling” assumption, by over 7 standard deviations. This violation is the first reported experiment with photons to close the detection loophole, and we demonstrate enough “efficiency” overhead to eventually perform a fully loophole-free test of local realism. The entanglement quality is verified by maximally violating additional Bell tests, testing the upper limit of quantum correlations. Finally, we use the source to generate “device-independent” private quantum random numbers at rates over 4 orders of magnitude beyond previous experiments.
Rabquer, B., Hou, Y., Ruth, J., Luo, W., Eitzman, D., Koch, A., et al. (2012). H-2g, a glucose analog of blood group H antigen, mediates monocyte recruitment in vitro and in vivo via IL-8/CXCL8. Open Access Rheumatology: Research and Reviews, 2012(4), 93-98.
Objective: Monocyte (MN) recruitment is an essential inflammatory component of many autoimmune diseases, including rheumatoid arthritis (RA). In this study we investigated the ability of 2-fucosyllactose (H-2g), a glucose analog of blood group H antigen to induce MN migration in vivo and determined if H-2g-induced interleukin-8 (IL-8/CXCL8) plays a role in MN ingress in RA.
Methods: Sponge granuloma and intravital microscopy assays were performed to examine H-2g-induced in vivo MN migration and rolling, respectively. MNs were stimulated with H-2g, and the production of IL-8/CXCL8 was assessed by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and quantitative polymerase chain reaction. Lastly, in vitro MN migration assays and an in vivo RA synovial tissue severe combined immunodeficiency mouse model were used to determine the role of IL-8/CXCL8 in H-2g-induced MN migration.
Results: In vivo, H-2g induced significantly greater MN migration compared to phosphate buffered saline. Intravital microscopy revealed that H-2g mediates MN migration in vivo by inducing MN rolling. In addition, H-2g induced MN production of IL-8/CXCL8, a process that was dependent on Src kinase. Moreover, we found that H-2g mediated MN migration in vitro, and in vivo migration was inhibited by a neutralizing anti-IL-8/CXCL8 antibody.
Conclusion: These findings suggest that H-2g mediates MN recruitment in vitro and in vivo (in part) via IL-8/CXCL8.
Baker, V. L., & Pifer, M. J. (2013). Antecedents and outcomes: theories of fit and the study of doctoral education. Studies in Higher Education, 1-15.
Abstract: This paper explores fit as an important theoretical construct in the study of doctoral education and doctoral student development. We discuss how research based on three types of fit (person-environment fit, person-culture fit, person-vocation fit) may provide critical insights into the doctoral student experience, and offer a framework based on antecedents and outcomes to support future research. We conclude with an application of this framework to two understudied populations of doctoral students and future research directions.
Parr, C. (2012). Georgian Pronunciation. In D. R. Karna (Ed.), The use of the international phonetic alphabet in the choral rehearsal (pp. 227-230). Lanham, Md.: Scarecrow Press.
Abstract: In an effort to conquer one of the greatest challenges facing choral directors and their choirs, contributors explore the use of the IPA system in a vast range of languages. Readers will find essays devoted to the use of IPA on matters of lyric diction for the following tongues: Baltic Languages, Basque, Brazilian Portuguese, Chinese, Dutch, Ecclesiastical Latin, English, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Germanic Latin, Greek, Hawaiian, Hebrew, Hungarian, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Norwegian, Polish, Romanian, Russian, Spanish, Swahili, and Swedish. Holding firmly to the belief that basic instruction in IPA character is part of a choir’s training, Karna and his contributors see enormous potential for choirs to expand considerably their foreign-language repertoire and save considerable rehearsal time [Publisher description].
Sacks, M. (2013). Behind the Brown Mask: Joe Louis’ Face and the Construction of Racial Mythologies. In K. Rieser-Wohlfarter, M. Fuchs & M. Phillips (Eds.), ConFiguring America: Iconic Figures, Visuality, and the American Identity (pp. 47-64). Bristol, UK: Intellect.
Betz Hayes, H. M., Eisenmann, J. C., Pfeiffer, K., & Carlson, J. J. (2013). Weight Status, Physical Activity, and Vascular Health in 9- to 12-Year-Old Children. Journal of Physical Activity & Health, 10(2), 205-210.
Abstract: Background: The purpose of this study was to determine the independent and joint association of weight status and physical activity on resting blood pressure and C-reactive protein in children. Methods: Participants were 174 (71 males, 103 females) children (mean age = 10.5 ± 0.4 yrs). Physical activity was self-reported, body mass index was calculated from measured height and body mass, and blood pressure was measured according to standard procedures. A subset of 91 children had C-reactive protein measured by fingerstick blood sample. Four weight/physical activity groups were created by cross tabulation of weight status classification and physical activity level. Results: The prevalence of low physical activity (< 5 days/wk moderate-vigorous activity) did not differ between overweight and normal weight children (50%). Physical activity was not correlated with C-reactive protein (r = 0.01; P = 0.91) and C-reactive protein was not significantly different between physical activity groups (P = 0.87). Physical activity did not modify the difference in blood pressure or C-reactive protein within weight categories. Conclusions: Fatness (specifically overweight and obesity), but not physical activity, was shown to be associated with blood pressure and C-reactive protein levels in children. Physical activity did not attenuate blood pressure or C-reactive protein in overweight and obese children.
Reimann, D. A. (2013). Symmetric Interlace Patterns on Regular Octahedra. Hyperseeing, 61-66.
Abstract: This paper shows a simple interlace motif family can be used to decorate regular octahedra to produce symmetric and visually interesting interlace patterns. Decorated octahedra were created using paper models. The constructed models exhibit a wide range of symmetry types dictated by the geometry of the octahedron.
McCauley, A. M. (2013). Drawings from “passage” [Prints]. 34th Biennial Bradley International Print and Drawing Exhibition, Bradley University.
Lunsford, L. G., Baker, V., Griffin, K. A., & Johnson, W. B. (2013). Mentoring: A Typology of Costs for Higher Education Faculty. Mentoring & Tutoring: Partnership in Learning, 21(2), 1-24.
Abstract: In this theoretical paper, we apply a social exchange framework to understand mentors? negative experiences. We propose a typology of costs, categorized according to psychosocial and career mentoring functions. Our typology generates testable research propositions. Psychosocial costs of mentoring are burnout, anger, and grief or loss. Career costs of mentoring include diminished reputation, decrease in productivity, and risk of ethical transgressions. The typology focuses on faculty in higher education because of the prevalence and importance of mentoring in that work setting. However, the typology may be extended to career arenas such as law, medicine, and the military. The theory presents a framework for acknowledging negative experiences and the costs associated with mentorship.
Walling, C. B. (2013). All necessary measures : the United Nations and humanitarian intervention (1st ed.). Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.
LaPage, M. J., Saltzman, G. M., & Schumacher, K. R. (2013). Cost Effectiveness of the Wearable Automated Defibrillator for Primary Prevention in Pediatric Heart Transplant Candidates. Journal of Cardiac Failure, 19(8), S64-S64.
Albertson, R., Tan, V., Leads, R. R., Reyes, M., Sullivan, W., & Casper-Lindley, C. (2013). Mapping Wolbachia distributions in the adult Drosophila brain. Cellular Microbiology, 15(9), 1527-1544.
Abstract: The maternally inherited bacterium Wolbachia infects the germline of most arthropod species. Using Drosophila simulans and D. melanogaster, we demonstrate that localization of Wolbachia to the fat bodies and adult brain is likely also a conserved feature of Wolbachia infection. Examination of three Wolbachia strains (WMel, WRiv, WPop) revealed that the bacteria preferentially concentrate in the central brain with low titres in the optic lobes. Distribution within regions of the central brain is largely determined by the Wolbachia strain, while the titre is influenced by both, the host species and the bacteria strain. In neurons of the central brain and ventral nerve cord, Wolbachia preferentially localizes to the neuronal cell bodies but not to axons. All examined Wolbachia strains are present intracellularly or in extracellular clusters, with the pathogenic WPop strain exhibiting the largest and most abundant clusters. We also discovered that 16 of 40 lines from the Drosophila Genetic Reference Panel are Wolbachia infected. Direct comparison of Wolbachia infected and cured lines from this panel reveals that differences in physiological traits (chill coma recovery, starvation, longevity) are partially due to host line influences. In addition, a tetracycline-induced increase in Drosophila longevity was detected many generations after treatment.
Melzer, S. (2013). Ritual Violence in a Two-Car Garage. Contexts, 12(3), 26-31.
Abstract: Sociologist Scott Melzer goes inside suburban Fight Clubs to see why men are risking their bodies to take up arms, to bond, and to exorcise childhood experiences of emasculation.
Christensen, N. (2013). Leaving A Trace. Wake: Great Lakes Thought & Culture, 4.
Pifer, M. J., & Baker, V. L. (2013). Managing the Process: The Intradepartmental Networks of Early-Career Academics. Innovative Higher Education, 38(4), 323-337.
Abstract: This article relies on data from surveys and interviews to explore the networking behaviors and strategies of early-career faculty members within the contexts of their academic departments. Findings suggest that faculty members’ approaches to interactions and relationships with colleagues may be conceptualized according to a continuum of behavior, based on their political awareness of interactions and their strategic engagement in them, interactions as a means of impression management, the cultivation of relationships for symbolic inclusion in networks, and the presence of functional patterns in network. The article concludes with recommendations for future research.
Cocks, G. (2013). Indirected by Stanley Kubrick. Post Script: Essays in Film and the Humanities, 32(2), 20-33.
Sims, J., Cosby, N., Saliba, E. N., Hertel, J., & Saliba, S. A. (2013). Exergaming and static postural control in individuals with a history of lower limb injury. Journal of Athletic Training, 48(3), 314-325.
Abstract: Therapeutic exercise programs that incorporate real-time feedback have been reported to enhance outcomes in patients with lower extremity joint injuries. The Wii Fit has been purported to improve balance, strength, flexibility, and fitness. Objective: To determine the effects of Wii Fit rehabilitation on postural control and self-reported function in patients with a
history of lower limb injury.
Kanter, D. (2013). Faith and Family for Early Mexican Immigrants to Chicago: The Diary of Elidia Barroso. Diálogo: A Bilingual Journal Published by the Center for Latino Research at DePaul University, 16(1), 21-34.
Baker, V. L., Pifer, M. J., & Flemion, B. (2013). Process Challenges and Learning-Based Interactions in Stage 2 of Doctoral Education: Implications from Two Applied Social Science Fields. The Journal of Higher Education, 84(4), 449-476.
Abstract: This article reports on an exploratory study that examined the transition to independence in Stage 2 of the doctoral student experience in two applied social science fields. We rely on an interdisciplinary framework that integrates developmental networks and sociocultural perspectives of learning to better understand the connection between the challenges in Stage 2 of the doctoral education process and students’ learning-based behavioral responses to such challenges during this critical transition. Results indicate the presence of three types of process challenges in Stage 2: structural, interpersonal, and individual. Results also point to a range of behavioral responses to such challenges and their relative effectiveness in advancing doctoral student learning towards becoming independent scholars. We conclude with directions for future research and practice.
Li, H., Mason, D. E., Yang, Y., Bieler, T. R., Crimp, M. A., & Boehlert, C. J. (2013). Comparison of the deformation behaviour of commercially pure titanium and Ti–5Al–2.5Sn(wt.%) at 296 and 728 K. Philosophical Magazine, 93(21), 2875-2895.
Abstract: The tension and tensile-creep deformation behaviours of a fully-α phase commercially pure (CP) Ti and a near-α Ti–5Al–2.5Sn(wt.%) alloy deformed in situ inside a scanning electron microscope were compared. Tensile tests were performed at 296 and 728 K, while tensile-creep tests were performed at 728 K. The yield stress of CP Ti decreased dramatically with increasing temperature. In contrast, temperature had much smaller effect on the yield stress of Ti–5Al–2.5Sn(wt.%). Electron backscattered diffraction was performed both before and after the deformation, and slip trace analysis was used to determine the active slip and twinning systems, as well as the associated global stress state Schmid factors. In tension tests of CP Ti, prismatic slip was the most likely slip system to be activated when the Schmid factor exceeded 0.4. Prismatic slip was observed over the largest Schmid factor range, indicating that the local stress tensor varies significantly from the global stress state of uniaxial tension. The basal slip activity in Ti–5Al–2.5Sn(wt.%) was observed in a larger faction of grains than in CP Ti. Pyramidal c + a slip was more prevalent in CP Ti. Although twinning was an active deformation mode in tension tests of the CP Ti, it was rare in Ti–5Al–2.5Sn(wt.%). During creep, dislocation slip was the primary apparent deformation mechanism in CP Ti, while evidence for dislocation slip was much less apparent in Ti–5Al–2.5Sn(wt.%), where grain boundary sliding was dominant. A robust statistical analysis was carried out to assess the significance of the comparative activity of the different slip systems under the variety of experimental conditions examined.
Donaldson, D. G., Webb, A. A. G., Menold, C. A., Kylander-Clark, A. R. C., & Hacker, B. R. (2013). Petrochronology of Himalayan ultrahigh-pressure eclogite. Geology, 41(8), 835-838.
Abstract: The timing and nature of the India-Asia collision, Earth’s largest ongoing continent-continent collisional orogen, are unclear. Ultrahigh-pressure metamorphism of Indian continental margin rocks is used as a proxy for initial collision because it indicates subduction of India. Records of this metamorphism are preserved only at Kaghan Valley (Pakistan) and Tso Morari (Ladakh, India), separated by ∼500 km and having published ages of peak pressure of 46.2 ± 0.7 Ma and 53–51 Ma, respectively. The apparent ∼6 m.y. age difference may reflect multiple subduction events, a large promontory along the former Indian margin, or inadequate constraints on the time of peak pressure recrystallization at Tso Morari. We present 108 coupled, in situ U/Th-Pb and rare earth element (REE) analyses of zircons in two Tso Morari eclogites to obtain age and petrologic information. The ages range from ca. 53 Ma to 37 Ma, and peak at ca. 47–43 Ma. Flat heavy REE slopes and the absence of an Eu anomaly are compatible with eclogite-facies zircon (re)crystallization. This (re)crystallization probably occurred at ultrahigh pressure, because 64% of the analyses are from zircon included in ultrahigh-pressure garnet and omphacite. These results are consistent with those from Kaghan Valley, and suggest that a single, protracted ultrahigh-pressure metamorphic event occurred contemporaneously across much of the orogen, following initial contact of the Indian and Asian continents at ca. 51 Ma or later.
Louis, D. A., & Michel, S. D. (2013). Frantz Fanon’s Ambivalence Revisited in America’s Faculty: Narratives of Black and White Faculty Struggles with Cross Cultural Mentoring. National Journal of Urban Education & Practice, 6(3), 214-227.
Abstract: As the American university campus becomes more diverse, special attention must be given to the interactions between faculty and their students. Mentoring relationships become even more significant as Black faculty, plagued with negative stereotypes, become mentors to White students. Conversely, White faculty members become mentors for Black students. This article explores the experiences of two faculty members as they journey through their cross-cultural mentorships. Their struggles, strategies and successes are analyzed using the qualitative method, Scholarly Personal Narrative, which may shed light on the complexities of cross-cultural communication.
Olapade, O. (2013). Molecular Characterization of Bacterial Phylogenetic and Functional Groups at Terrebonne Bay along the Coastline of the Gulf of Mexico. Journal of Petroleum & Environmental Biotechnology, 4(3).
Abstract: The detection and quantification of bacterial phylogenetic and functional groups as well as community diversity at the site of the Deepwater Horizon oil spill in Terrebonne Bay along the Gulf of Mexico were carried out using nucleic acid staining, Fluorescence in situ Hybridization (FISH) and 16S rRNA gene cloning and sequencing approaches. Results from the 16S rRNA gene clone library analysis revealed high occurrences of bacterial members belonging to the Cyanobacteria (28%), β- Proteobacteria (21%), Bacteroidetes (17%), Actinobacteria (12%) and the α- Proteobacteria (10%). Particularly, bacterial members identified within the clone library as belonging to the β- Proteobacteria subclass were mostly hydrocarbon degraders, including Methylibium petroleiphilum, Burkholderia cepacia, Hydrogenophaga taeniospiralis and Methylobacillus flagellates. Simultaneous analyses of both planktonic and benthic bacterial communities by FISH revealed the numerical dominance of members of the type I Methanotrophic Bacteria (MB) over the type II populations. The results from the study clearly reveal a shift in the bacterial community structure and composition in response to the tragic methane and crude oil discharges from the Deepwater Horizon rig along the Gulf of Mexico.
Hagerman, C. A. (2013). Britain’s Imperial Muse: The Classics, Imperialism, and the Indian Empire, 1784-1914. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.
Located at the intersection of British imperial and cultural history, and classical reception studies, Britain’s Imperial Muse explores the classics’ contribution to Britain’s culture of imperialism and to the experience of empire in India through the long nineteenth century. Dismissing grammar-grind stereotypes, this study argues that classical education left powerful images of empire in many students destined to play a part in Britain’s imperial drama; and that these classically founded images constituted a key pillar of British imperial identity. But it simultaneously acknowledges the classics’ role as a rhetorical arsenal used and abused by commentators to justify imperial domination, particularly of India. In its final act, the book follows the classics to India, where they provided knowledge of Indian civilization, defined and maintained the cultural solidarity of the imperial elite, entrenched the ‘difference’ of Indians, and helped Britons cope with the social, physical, and cultural alienations of life in India. (Publisher’s Description)
Smellie, J. L., Wilch, T. I., & Rocchi, S. (2013). ‘A‘ā lava-fed deltas: A new reference tool in paleoenvironmental studies. Geology, 41(4), 403-406.
Abstract: Lava-fed deltas are extraordinarily useful indicators of fossil water (and ice) levels in glacial, marine, and lacustrine environments. Deltas fed by ‘a‘ā lava should be at least as common as those sourced in pāhoehoe, yet they have been rarely described. Although facies models for pāhoehoe lava-fed deltas are well established, the architecture and lithofacies of ‘a‘ā-fed equivalents are substantially different and have thus far largely been unrecognized. This can have profound consequences for paleoenvironmental investigations, particularly those attempting to reconstruct past ice sheets. Essential features of ‘a‘ā lava-fed deltas include (1) a subaerial ‘a‘ā lava capping unit comprising massive internal sheet lava overlain by clinkers; (2) a crudely developed subaerial to subaqueous transition (passage zone); (3) a chaotic subaqueous association of abundant lava lobes and hyaloclastite with admixed vesicular, often reddened (oxidized) lava clinkers; and (4) rare subaqueous stratification with predominantly lower dips (∼10°–20°) than in deltas fed by pāhoehoe lava (∼25°–40°). We develop a generic facies model and investigate the emplacement conditions of ‘a‘ā lava-fed deltas in order to facilitate the recognition and environmental interpretation of these important sequence types in ancient successions.
Kirby, J. (2013). Origins and the Greeks. In M. Ruse (Ed.), The Cambridge encyclopedia of Darwin and evolutionary thought (pp. 32-38). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Abstract: Thomas Henry Huxley’s reaction to Darwin’s idea is understandable:
“How extremely stupid of me not to have thought of that!” Darwin’s argument is not arcane. Why did we have to wait so long for an idea as simple and attractive as Darwin’s? That teleology played a leading role is widely accepted, as Darwin himself always recognized that the appearance of design is distinctive of the organic world, having been raised on the teleological argument of Archdeacon William Paley. And an important part of the conceptual network wherein Darwin found himself developed in antiquity. Classical thinkers erected much of the scaffolding with which evolutionists have had to work, framing the debate over teleology in important ways. Early cosmologists thought the idea of the world’s coming to be from nothing as unintelligible. Early teleologists thought getting order out of chaos, equally unsettling, akin to getting something from nothing.
Myers, P. (2013). German Visions of India, 1871-1918: Commandeering the Holy Ganges during the Kaiserreich: Palgrave Macmillan.
Publisher’s Description: The field of Indian studies and the wide-ranging fascination with India in Wilhelmine Germany emerged during a time of extraordinary cultural and political tensions, which explicitly informed the analyses, understanding, and interpretation of Indian traditions. That is, German Indologen – eminent professors in Indian Studies – and other intellectuals transacted concerns with religious traditions, scientific imperatives, and sociopolitical transformations. Specifically, these German intellectuals drew on non-Western traditions to assemble an archive of knowledge through which they could negotiate a number of issues, including: denominational agendas – both Catholic and Protestant – as the established Churches sought to solidify their roles in a more secular world dominated by Bismarckian power politics and eventually imperial designs; the perceived faltering of religious signifiers, sparked in part by the scientific challenges to Biblical exegesis as the primary source for establishing human knowledge and spiritual identity; a new paradigm for the nation as Germany sought to identify itself during the age of Empire, with its inherent colonial competition among the European powers; and new, innovative paths for re-shaping intellectual identity and re-building community consensus in response to these perceived stresses. The image of India became a powerful sounding board during the Kaiserreich for many intellectuals to re-negotiate modern definitions of science, culture, and religion – to re-formulate their destabilized sense of history and progress. Just as Chamberlain projects in 1905, German Indologists had already long sought to navigate the unstable religious, social and political waters of Wilhelmine Germany through their constructed India. This study shows that these religious (denominational and spiritual) dilemmas, political agendas, and shifting social consensus became inextricably entangled in the wider German encounter with India.