Located at the intersection of British imperial and cultural history, and classical reception studies, Britain’s Imperial Muse explores the classics’ contribution to Britain’s culture of imperialism and to the experience of empire in India through the long nineteenth century. Dismissing grammar-grind stereotypes, this study argues that classical education left powerful images of empire in many students destined to play a part in Britain’s imperial drama; and that these classically founded images constituted a key pillar of British imperial identity. But it simultaneously acknowledges the classics’ role as a rhetorical arsenal used and abused by commentators to justify imperial domination, particularly of India. In its final act, the book follows the classics to India, where they provided knowledge of Indian civilization, defined and maintained the cultural solidarity of the imperial elite, entrenched the ‘difference’ of Indians, and helped Britons cope with the social, physical, and cultural alienations of life in India. (Publisher’s Description)
Smellie, J. L., Wilch, T. I., & Rocchi, S. (2013). ‘A‘ā lava-fed deltas: A new reference tool in paleoenvironmental studies. Geology, 41(4), 403-406.
Abstract: Lava-fed deltas are extraordinarily useful indicators of fossil water (and ice) levels in glacial, marine, and lacustrine environments. Deltas fed by ‘a‘ā lava should be at least as common as those sourced in pāhoehoe, yet they have been rarely described. Although facies models for pāhoehoe lava-fed deltas are well established, the architecture and lithofacies of ‘a‘ā-fed equivalents are substantially different and have thus far largely been unrecognized. This can have profound consequences for paleoenvironmental investigations, particularly those attempting to reconstruct past ice sheets. Essential features of ‘a‘ā lava-fed deltas include (1) a subaerial ‘a‘ā lava capping unit comprising massive internal sheet lava overlain by clinkers; (2) a crudely developed subaerial to subaqueous transition (passage zone); (3) a chaotic subaqueous association of abundant lava lobes and hyaloclastite with admixed vesicular, often reddened (oxidized) lava clinkers; and (4) rare subaqueous stratification with predominantly lower dips (∼10°–20°) than in deltas fed by pāhoehoe lava (∼25°–40°). We develop a generic facies model and investigate the emplacement conditions of ‘a‘ā lava-fed deltas in order to facilitate the recognition and environmental interpretation of these important sequence types in ancient successions.
Kirby, J. (2013). Origins and the Greeks. In M. Ruse (Ed.), The Cambridge encyclopedia of Darwin and evolutionary thought (pp. 32-38). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Abstract: Thomas Henry Huxley’s reaction to Darwin’s idea is understandable:
“How extremely stupid of me not to have thought of that!” Darwin’s argument is not arcane. Why did we have to wait so long for an idea as simple and attractive as Darwin’s? That teleology played a leading role is widely accepted, as Darwin himself always recognized that the appearance of design is distinctive of the organic world, having been raised on the teleological argument of Archdeacon William Paley. And an important part of the conceptual network wherein Darwin found himself developed in antiquity. Classical thinkers erected much of the scaffolding with which evolutionists have had to work, framing the debate over teleology in important ways. Early cosmologists thought the idea of the world’s coming to be from nothing as unintelligible. Early teleologists thought getting order out of chaos, equally unsettling, akin to getting something from nothing.
Myers, P. (2013). German Visions of India, 1871-1918: Commandeering the Holy Ganges during the Kaiserreich: Palgrave Macmillan.
Publisher’s Description: The field of Indian studies and the wide-ranging fascination with India in Wilhelmine Germany emerged during a time of extraordinary cultural and political tensions, which explicitly informed the analyses, understanding, and interpretation of Indian traditions. That is, German Indologen – eminent professors in Indian Studies – and other intellectuals transacted concerns with religious traditions, scientific imperatives, and sociopolitical transformations. Specifically, these German intellectuals drew on non-Western traditions to assemble an archive of knowledge through which they could negotiate a number of issues, including: denominational agendas – both Catholic and Protestant – as the established Churches sought to solidify their roles in a more secular world dominated by Bismarckian power politics and eventually imperial designs; the perceived faltering of religious signifiers, sparked in part by the scientific challenges to Biblical exegesis as the primary source for establishing human knowledge and spiritual identity; a new paradigm for the nation as Germany sought to identify itself during the age of Empire, with its inherent colonial competition among the European powers; and new, innovative paths for re-shaping intellectual identity and re-building community consensus in response to these perceived stresses. The image of India became a powerful sounding board during the Kaiserreich for many intellectuals to re-negotiate modern definitions of science, culture, and religion – to re-formulate their destabilized sense of history and progress. Just as Chamberlain projects in 1905, German Indologists had already long sought to navigate the unstable religious, social and political waters of Wilhelmine Germany through their constructed India. This study shows that these religious (denominational and spiritual) dilemmas, political agendas, and shifting social consensus became inextricably entangled in the wider German encounter with India.
Anderson, P. L., Meerschaert, M. M., & Zhang, K. (2013). Forecasting with prediction intervals for periodic autoregressive moving average models. Journal of Time Series Analysis, 34(2), 187-193.
Abstract: Periodic autoregressive moving average (PARMA) models are indicated for time series whose mean, variance and covariance function vary with the season. In this study, we develop and implement forecasting procedures for PARMA models. Forecasts are developed using the innovations algorithm, along with an idea of Ansley. A formula for the asymptotic error variance is provided, so that Gaussian prediction intervals can be computed. Finally, an application to monthly river flow forecasting is given, to illustrate the method.
Isozaki, T., Rabquer, B. J., Ruth, J. H., Haines, G. K., & Koch, A. E. (2013). ADAM-10 is overexpressed in rheumatoid arthritis synovial tissue and mediates angiogenesis. Arthritis and Rheumatism, 65(1), 98-108.
Objective – To examine the expression of ADAM-10 in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) synovial tissue (ST) and the role it plays in angiogenesis. Methods ADAM-10 expression was determined using immunohistology, Western blotting, and quantitative polymerase chain reaction. In order to examine the role of ADAM-10 in angiogenesis, we performed in vitro Matrigel tube formation and chemotaxis assays using human microvascular endothelial cells (HMVECs) transfected with control or ADAM-10 small interfering RNA (siRNA). To determine whether ADAM-10 plays a role in angiogenesis in the context of RA, we performed Matrigel assays using a coculture system of HMVECs and RA synovial fibroblasts.
Results – Endothelial cells and lining cells within RA ST expressed high levels of ADAM-10 compared with cells within osteoarthritis ST and normal ST. ADAM-10 expression was significantly elevated at the protein and messenger RNA levels in HMVECs and RA synovial fibroblasts stimulated with proinflammatory mediators compared with unstimulated cells. ADAM-10 siRNAtreated HMVECs had decreased endothelial cell tube formation and migration compared with control siRNAtreated HMVECs. In addition, ADAM-10 siRNAtreated HMVECs from the RA synovial fibroblast coculture system had decreased endothelial cell tube formation compared with control siRNAtreated HMVECs.
Conclusion – These data show that ADAM-10 is overexpressed in RA and suggest that ADAM-10 may play a role in RA angiogenesis. ADAM-10 may be a potential therapeutic target in inflammatory angiogenic diseases such as RA.
Montoye, A. H., Pfeiffer, K. A., Alaimo, K., Betz, H. H., Paek, H.-J., Carlson, J. J., et al. (2013). Junk Food Consumption and Screen Time: Association With Childhood Adiposity. American Journal of Health Behavior, 37(3), 395-403.
Objectives: To determine the joint association of junk food consumption (JFC) and screen time (ST) with adiposity in children. Methods: Two hundred fourteen (121 girls, 93 boys) third-to-fifth-grade students (54% Hispanic, 35% African American, 8% white) completed a lifestyle behavior survey, which included self-reported JFC and ST, as part of a school-based lifestyle intervention program. Results: Neither JFC nor ST, independently or jointly, was associated with adiposity measures. JFC and ST were significantly correlated (r = .375). Conclusions: The low achievement of physical activity and screen time recommendations and high prevalence of overweight/obesity in this mostly minority, low socioeconomic status population indicates a potential focus for intervention.
Cocks, G. (2012). Psychotherapy in the Third Reich. Jung Journal, 6(4), 25-30.
Publication Abstract: C. G. Jung’s involvement in the professional politics of psychotherapy in Nazi Germany was not a matter only of sympathy for and collaboration with Nazism. Jung’s participation in the affairs of professionally endangered and ambitious psychotherapists under the advantageous leadership of a relative of the powerful Hermann Göring was both significant and limited in time and space. While Jungians found a place at the German Institute for Psychological Research and Psychotherapy in Berlin between 1936 and 1945, psychoanalysts and other psychotherapists– purged of practitioners who were Jewish–advanced their interests and practice in ways that indirectly and directly supported the mobilization of German society for Nazi purposes of conquest and war.
Rabquer, B. J., & Koch, A. E. (2012). Recent developments in adhesion in rheumatoid arthritis. International Journal of Clinical Rheumatology, 7(3), 287-296.
Abstract: Rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic autoimmune disease characterized by inflammation, angiogenesis and eventual joint destruction. Adhesion molecules play primary roles in each of these facets of the disease, regulating leukocyte recruitment and retention, angiogenesis and synovial tissue organization. Current studies investigating adhesion molecules in rheumatoid arthritis are aimed at exploring the role of novel adhesion molecules in the pathogenesis of the disease, and investigating the potential use of established adhesion molecules as therapeutic targets or biomarkers of disease activity. In this review we will discuss recent investigations in each of these areas.
Carrier, J. C., Musick, J. A., & Heithaus, M. R. (Eds.). (2012). Biology of Sharks and Their Relatives, Second Edition (2nd ed.): CRC Press.
A modern synthesis of the biology of Chondrichthyans, Biology of Sharks and Their Relatives, Second Edition discusses significant advances in the development and application of new molecular techniques to the understanding of the phylogenetic relationships among and between these groups. The book considers the effect of global changes on the status of sharks and their relatives, and how advances in technology and analytical techniques have changed not only how we approach problem solving and scientific investigations, but how we formulate questions. The book also introduces applications of new and novel laboratory devices, techniques, and field instruments.
This second edition of the award winning and groundbreaking original exploration of the fundamental elements of the taxonomy, systematics, physiology, and ecology of sharks, skates, rays, and chimera, presents cohesive and integrated coverage of key topics and discusses technological advances used in modern shark research. Offering a well-rounded picture for students and researchers, and far above competitors in scope and research, this new volume holds a wealth of data on the current status of Chondrichthyan research and provides the basis and springboard for original research. (Publisher’s Description)
Wilson, G. S., Levy, R. H., Naish, T. R., Powell, R. D., Florindo, F., Ohneiser, C., et al. (2012). Neogene tectonic and climatic evolution of the Western Ross Sea, Antarctica — Chronology of events from the AND-1B drill hole. Global and Planetary Change, 96–97(0), 189-203.
Abstract: Stratigraphic drilling from the McMurdo Ice Shelf in the 2006/2007 austral summer recovered a 1284.87 m sedimentary succession from beneath the sea floor. Key age data for the core include magnetic polarity stratigraphy for the entire succession, diatom biostratigraphy for the upper 600 m and (super 40) Ar/ (super 39) Ar ages for in-situ volcanic deposits as well as reworked volcanic clasts. A vertical seismic profile for the drill hole allows correlation between the drill hole and a regional seismic network and inference of age constraint by correlation with well-dated regional volcanic events through direct recognition of interlayered volcanic deposits as well as by inference from flexural loading of pre-existing strata. The combined age model implies relatively rapid (1 m/2-5 ky) accumulation of sediment punctuated by hiatuses, which account for approximately 50% of the record. Three of the longer hiatuses coincide with basin-wide seismic reflectors and, along with two thick volcanic intervals, they subdivide the succession into seven chronostratigraphic intervals with characteristic facies: 1. The base of the cored succession (1275-1220 mbsf) comprises middle Miocene volcaniclastic sandstone dated at approx 13.5 Ma by several reworked volcanic clasts; 2. A late-Miocene sub-polar orbitally controlled glacial-interglacial succession (1220-760 mbsf) bounded by two unconformities correlated with basin-wide reflectors associated with early development of the terror rift; 3. A late Miocene volcanigenic succession (760-596 mbsf) terminating with a approximately 1 my hiatus at 596.35 mbsf which spans the Miocene-Pliocene boundary and is not recognised in regional seismic data; 4. An early Pliocene obliquity-controlled alternating diamictite and diatomite glacial-interglacial succession (590-440 mbsf), separated from; 5. A late Pliocene obliquity-controlled alternating diamictite and diatomite glacial-interglacial succession (440-150 mbsf) by a 750 ky unconformity interpreted to represent a major sequence boundary at other locations; 6. An early Pleistocene interbedded volcanic, diamictite and diatomite succession (150-80 mbsf), and; 7. A late Pleistocene glacigene succession (80-0 mbsf) comprising diamictite dominated sedimentary cycles deposited in a polar environment.
Moncrief, V., Marini, A., & Maitra, R. (2012). Modified semi-classical methods for nonlinear quantum oscillations problems. Journal of Mathematical Physics, 53(10), 103516-103551.
Abstract: We develop a modified semi-classical approach to the approximate solution of Schrödinger’s equation for certain nonlinear quantum oscillations problems. In our approach, at lowest order, the Hamilton-Jacobi equation of the conventional semi-classical formalism is replaced by an inverted-potential-vanishing-energy variant thereof. With suitable smoothness, convexity and coercivity properties imposed on its potential energy function, we prove, using methods drawn from the calculus of variations together with the (Banach space) implicit function theorem, the existence of a global, smooth “fundamental solution” to this equation. Higher order quantum corrections thereto, for both ground and excited states, can then be computed through the integration of associated systems of linear transport equations, derived from Schrödinger’s equation, and formal expansions for the corresponding energy eigenvalues obtained therefrom by imposing the natural demand for smoothness on the (successively computed) quantum corrections to the eigenfunctions. For the special case of linear oscillators our expansions naturally truncate, reproducing the well-known exact solutions for the energy eigenfunctions and eigenvalues. As an explicit application of our methods to computable nonlinear problems, we calculate a number of terms in the corresponding expansions for the one-dimensional anharmonic oscillators of quartic, sectic, octic, and dectic types and compare the results obtained with those of conventional Rayleigh/Schrödinger perturbation theory. To the orders considered (and, conjecturally, to all orders) our eigenvalue expansions agree with those of Rayleigh/Schrödinger theory whereas our wave functions more accurately capture the more-rapid-than-gaussian decay known to hold for the exact solutions to these problems. For the quartic oscillator in particular our results strongly suggest that both the ground state energy eigenvalue expansion and its associated wave function expansion are Borel summable to yield natural candidates for the actual exact ground state solution and its energy. Our techniques for proving the existence of the crucial “fundamental solution” to the relevant (inverted-potential-vanishing-energy) Hamilton-Jacobi equation have the important property of admitting interesting infinite dimensional generalizations. In a project paralleling the present one we shall show how this basic construction can be carried out for the Yang-Mills equations in Minkowski spacetime.
Lynch, J. S., Hill, E. D., Nagoshi, J. L., & Nagoshi, C. T. (2012). Mediators of the shame-guilt-psychological adjustment relationship. Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, 53(5), 437-443.
Abstract: A college student sample (109 women, 90 men) was administered measures of psychological adjustment, shame, guilt, personal fear of invalidity, and aspects of empathy, including personal distress in emergencies and fantasy involvement. Consistent with previous studies, shame but not guilt was significantly positively correlated with poor psychological adjustment. Path analyses with bootstrapped mediation tests indicated that the shame-adjustment relationship was significantly mediated by fear of invalidity, personal distress, and fantasy involvement. A novel finding was that the relationship between guilt and maladjustment was significantly mediated by proneness to fantasy. The findings are discussed in terms of an integrated theory of the shame-fear/distress-maladjustment relationship as a framework for understanding the maladaptive, individualistic shame experience.
Ben-Ishai, E. (2012). Responding to vulnerability: The case of injection drug use. International Journal of Feminist Approaches to Bioethics, 5(2), 39-63.
Abstract: This article examines the case of Insite, North America’s only supervised injection facility, to consider the relationship between dependence, relational autonomy, and vulnerability. At state-funded Insite, users inject illicit drugs under medical supervision. By conceiving of Insite as a health-care facility and addiction as disease, advocates evoke a shared sense of vulnerability among the nonusing public and users, garnering considerable support for the site. Through Insite, the state responds to vulnerability by reshaping the meaning of dependence and conferring recognition upon users, in turn fostering users’ autonomy. However, the medicalized discourse surrounding Insite may obscure drug users’ vulnerabilities emerging not from “disease,” but from stigma and criminalization. Vulnerability analysis must emphasize not merely a naturalized conception of vulnerability, but the socially constructed nature of human beings’ experiences of vulnerability.
Kanter, D. (2012). Making Mexican Parishes: Ethnic Succession in Chicago Churches, 1947-77. U.S. Catholic Historian, 301(1), 35-58.
Madhok, B., & Raj, S. J. (2011). Globalization, higher education, and women in urban India: a development ethics approach. Journal of Third World Studies, 28(1), 141+.
Introduction: The academic discourse on globalization in developing countries like India frequently focuses on the economic and political effects of globalization, ignoring the shifts and changes it has produced in the underlying values and perspectives of the people affected. Recently, scholars in the field of development ethics have drawn attention to the need to balance such empirical inquiries with a more normative approach: thus, globalization when studied within the ethical framework of development has given rise to general normative questions such as, “What should be meant by development?,” “In what directions and by what means should a society develop?,” “Who is morally responsible for beneficial change?,” and “How should globalization’s impact and potential be assessed ethically?” (1) Such a normative enterprise is not intended to be conducted in an empirical vacuum–instead, development ethicists recognize the irreplaceable value that comes from any normative account being grounded in empirical realities, in the absence of which it would, at best, be lacking in prescriptive power in specific contexts. Based on recent fieldwork in Kolkata (formerly known as Calcutta), India, our interdisciplinary paper explores the specific challenges encountered by young, educated urban women in the wake of globalization and how they negotiate traditional norms and expectations as they seek to redefine their private and public spheres in their quest for fulfillment. We use this empirical backdrop then to ask and answer specific normative questions about the ethical impact of globalization in the context specified above. We believe that such a praxis-based approach will result in a thick moral discourse on globalization as opposed to a thin one which fails sufficiently to incorporate relevant contextual details necessary for a more complete textured understanding of such a complex phenomenon as globalization.
Erlandson, K. (2012). Stay Out of My Space! Territoriality and Nonverbal Immediacy as Predictors of Roommate Satisfaction. Journal of College & University Student Housing, 38(2), 46-61.
Abstract: This study utilized direct observation to explore the relationship between nonverbal communication variables (immediacy and territoriality) and roommate satisfaction.
Data were collected from 51 roommate pairs (N = 102) at a small liberal arts college. Participants were asked to engage in a discussion about a time they had to negotiate activities
such as quiet times in the room or chore distribution. They also completed a survey regarding territoriality. The results indicate that some aspects of immediacy (positive affect)
and some aspects of territoriality (firmness of boundaries) are related to roommate satisfaction; roommates who scored high on positive affect were more satisfied, and roommates who scored high on firmness of boundaries were less satisfied. Additionally, firmness of boundaries was negatively correlated to positive affect and body relaxation. In other words, the more similar roommates were in terms of their concern with managing boundaries and personal space, the more uncomfortable they were in interactions with their roommates, as expressed by a lack of positive affect and relaxation. The findings are discussed in terms of implications for residential life cohabitation.
Rabquer, B. J., & Koch, A. E. (2012). Angiogenesis and Vasculopathy in Systemic Sclerosis: Evolving Concepts. Current Rheumatology Reports, 14(1), 56+.
Abstract: Systemic sclerosis (scleroderma [SSc]) is a multifactorial disease characterized by inflammation, extensive and progressive fibrosis, and multiple vasculopathies. The
vascular manifestations can be seen early in the pathogenesis of the disease and include malformed capillaries, Raynaud’s phenomenon, and digital ulcers. As the disease progresses, the vasculopathy proceeds to significant clinical manifestations, including renal crisis and pulmonary arterial hypertension. Moreover, later stages of the disease are marked by increasingly avascular areas. Despite the obliteration of microvascular structures, compensatory vasculogenesis and angiogenesis do not occur normally. This is in spite of a general increase in many potent angiogenic factors. Recent studies are beginning to examine this paradox and subsequent paucity of an angiogenic response in SSc. In this review, we discuss these findings and examine the role that chemokine and growth factor receptors, proteases, adhesion molecules, and transcription factors play in the dysregulation of angiogenesis in SSc.
Alozie, N. M., Grueber, D. J., & Dereski, M. O. (2012). Promoting 21st-Century Skills in the Science Classroom by Adapting Cookbook Lab Activities: The Case of DNA Extraction of Wheat Germ. The American Biology Teacher, 74(7), 485-489.
Abstract: How can science instruction engage students in 21st-century skills and inquiry-based learning, even when doing simple labs in the classroom? We collaborated with teachers in professional development workshops to transform “cookbook” activities into engaging laboratory experiences. We show how to change the common classroom activity of DNA extraction of wheat germ to integrate cooperative group strategies, graphic organizers, and classroom discussions. Teachers found these strategies helpful as they worked to adapt instruction that prepared students with the knowledge and skills necessary to succeed in 21st-century Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) careers.
Osborn, J. L. (2012). When TV and Marriage Meet: A Social Exchange Analysis of the Impact of Television Viewing on Marital Satisfaction and Commitment. Mass Communication and Society, 15(5), 739-757.
Abstract: Although several studies have examined the association between television viewing and romantic relationships, differences in theoretical grounding, methodology, and findings have produced a picture that is decidedly unclear. Furthermore, past research has been directed primarily toward general relational attitudes and hypothetical relational behaviors without considering potential effects of viewing on existing, long-term relationships. This study sought to address these issues by drawing on the theoretical traditions of cultivation analysis, uses and gratifications, and social exchange theory to explore the associations among relationship variables and measures of both television viewing and belief in television portrayals by analyzing data collected from 392 married individuals. Results revealed that both heavier viewing of romantically themed programming and greater belief in television’s portrayals of romantic relationships were associated with lower marital commitment, higher expected and perceived costs of marriage, and more favorable perceptions of alternatives to one’s current relationship.
McWhirter, J. (2012). Messianic Exegesis in Mark 1:2-3. In C. A. Evans & H. D. Zacharias (Eds.), “What Does the Scripture Say?” :Studies in the Function of Scripture in Early Judaism and Christianity (pp. 158-178). London; New York, NY: T & T Clark.
Thacker, S. G., Zhao, W., Smith, C. K., Luo, W., Wang, H., Vivekanandan-Giri, A., Rabquer, B. J., et al. (2012). Type I interferons modulate vascular function, repair, thrombosis, and plaque progression in murine models of lupus and atherosclerosis. Arthritis & Rheumatism, 64(9), 2975-2985.
Abstract: Objective Patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) have a notable increase in atherothrombotic cardiovascular disease (CVD) which is not explained by the Framingham risk equation. In vitro studies indicate that type I interferons (IFNs) may play prominent roles in increased CV risk in SLE. However, the in vivo relevance of these findings, with regard to the development of CVD, has not been characterized. This study was undertaken to examine the role of type I IFNs in endothelial dysfunction, aberrant vascular repair, and atherothrombosis in murine models of lupus and atherosclerosis. Methods Lupus-prone New Zealand mixed 2328 (NZM) mice and atherosclerosis-prone apolipoprotein E– knockout (apoE−/−) mice were compared to mice lacking type I IFN receptor (INZM and apoE−/−IFNAR−/− mice, respectively) with regard to endothelial vasodilatory function, endothelial progenitor cell (EPC) function, in vivo neoangiogenesis, plaque development, and occlusive thrombosis. Similar experiments were performed using NZM and apoE−/− mice exposed to an IFNα-containing or empty adenovirus. Results Loss of type I IFN receptor signaling improved endothelium-dependent vasorelaxation, lipoprotein parameters, EPC numbers and function, and neoangiogenesis in lupus-prone mice, independent of disease activity or sex. Further, acute exposure to IFNα impaired endothelial vasorelaxation and EPC function in lupus-prone and non–lupus-prone mice. Decreased atherosclerosis severity and arterial inflammatory infiltrates and increased neoangiogenesis were observed in apoE−/−IFNAR−/− mice, compared to apoE−/− mice, while NZM and apoE−/− mice exposed to IFNα developed accelerated thrombosis and platelet activation. Conclusion These results support the hypothesis that type I IFNs play key roles in the development of premature CVD in SLE and, potentially, in the general population, through pleiotropic deleterious effects on the vasculature.
Saltzman, G. M. (2012). An Anti-Union Tide: The 2011 Attacks on Public Employees’ Bargaining Rights. In H. S. Wechsler (Ed.), NEA 2012 Almanac of Higher Education (pp. 35-46). Washington: National Education Association.
Roberts, J. (2011). Sarah Piatt’s Grammar of Convention and the Conditions of Authorship. In K. Larson (Ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Nineteenth-Century American Poetry (pp. 172-192). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Publisher’s description: “This Companion is the first critical collection of its kind devoted solely to American poetry of the nineteenth century. It covers a wide variety of authors, many of whom are currently being rediscovered. A number of anthologies in the recent past have been devoted to the verse of groups such as Native Americans, African-Americans and women. This volume offers essays covering these groups as well as more familiar figures such as Dickinson, Whitman, Longfellow and Melville. The contents are divided between broad topics of concern such as the poetry of the Civil War or the development of the ‘poetess’ role and articles featuring specific authors such as Edgar Allan Poe or Sarah Piatt. In the past two decades a growing body of scholarship has been engaged in reconceptualizing and re-evaluating this largely neglected area of study in US literary history – this Companion reflects and advances this spirit of revisionism. ”
Woell, J. W. (2012). Peirce, James, and a pragmatic philosophy of religion. London; New York: Continuum.
Publisher’s description: In this book, John W. Woell shows us how contemporary readings of American Pragmatism founded on mistakenly used categories of the Analytic tradition have led to misreadings of Peirce and James. By focusing on terms drawn largely from Descartes and Kant, contemporary debates between metaphysical realists, antirealists, Realists and Nonrealists, have, argues Woell, failed to shed great light on pragmatism in general and a pragmatic philosophy of religion in particular.
Woell contends that paying close attention to the internal relationships among inquiry, belief, and their objects in the respective works of Peirce and James provides a means for fully appreciating pragmatism’s richness as a resource for philosophy of religion. By taking account of a pragmatic point of view in philosophy of religion, this book incites a more productive discussion of the metaphysical status of religious objects and of the epistemic status of religious belief.
Ben-Ishai, E. (2011). Who Interprets the World? Interpretive Social Science and Mark Bevir’s Democratic Governance. International Journal of Organization Theory and Behavior, 14(4), 537-553.
Abstract: I explore Bevir’s approach to interpretive social science and its implications for his study of governance. I make two arguments: one methodological and one substantive. First, I argue that we should think of the philosophy of interpretive social science as necessarily tied to some chosen method of recovering knowledge, be it local or expert knowledge. Without such a recovery of knowledge, interpretive analysis of local reasoning is impossible. Second, I argue that the recovery of not only expert knowledge – Bevir’s primary focus – but also the local knowledge of citizens who are affected by these reforms, ought to play a central role in our understanding of governance.
Cocks, G. (2012). The State of Health : Illness in Nazi Germany. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Publisher’s description: The State of Health: Illness in Nazi Germany explores and analyses the experience of illness in German society under National Socialism. As is well known, the Nazis mobilised medicine for purposes of ‘racial’ cultivation and extermination. What has been much less understood is that the experience of health and illness in the Third Reich also marked a crucial juncture in the history of the modern self and body in Germany and the West. The secular and material bourgeois self was a product of the industrial and commercial society Germany had become before Hitler. The peculiarly rapid pace of social change in Germany, combined with a series of military, political, and economic disasters after 1914, created an environment of heightened sensitivity and anxiety concerning the relationship between individual and community. This historical environment also aggravated concerns about health and illness of the morbid, mortal, and sexual body and mind in which the modern self was lodged. The racialist policies of the Third Reich worsened popular anxiety over illness and health. And while Nazism exploited popular longings for ‘national community,’ the modern self of material pleasure, appetite, and desire too would be prop as well as problem for the Hitler regime.
Drawing from the rich historical literature on modern Germany and the Third Reich, as well as on previously unexamined primary sources from over forty archives, The State of Health documents vital continuities and discontinuities in the history of modern Germany and the West, up to and beyond the Nazi years. In exploring the social, medical, and discursive spaces of health and illness in the Third Reich, Geoffrey Cocks illuminates significant and fateful experiences in peace and war with medicine, doctors, and drugs; work; collaboration; constraint and agency; self and other; persecution, enslavement, and extermination; gender and sexuality; pain, injury, madness, and death; and historical memory and amnesia.